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It’s the age of downsizing now when it comes to the automotive IC engines. All major global players like Volkswagen, Renault, and Ford are pumping in tons of resources to develop new small but powerful engines. To join this bandwagon is the Korean car maker, Hyundai Motors. Similar to patented technologies of different companies like Volkswagen’s TSI, Renault’s TCE, Ford’s EcoBoost, Hyundai has developed its new T-GDi Kappa. This new 1.2 litre T-GDi Kappa engine is expected to debut in the Hyundai models later this year. Hyundai has also not made any revelations about the models which could be getting this engine but its engineers claim that it has been developed for the B and C-segment models, which means that the i20 and i30 will be getting it by the end of the year.
The all new T-GDi Kappa engine has a displacement of 1248 cc with 2 belts attached running 2 camshafts overhead. The 2 camshafts open and close a total of 16 valves. Make no mistake, the 1.2-litre may sound tiny and diminutive but has a performance figures comparable to any of its bigger siblings. This is achieved by clever use of a turbocharger and Gasoline Direct Injection (GDi). GDi is a technology that is inspired from diesel engines. As the name suggests, in this technology, the gasoline is injected directly into the engine cylinder rather than premixing the air and fuel in the manifold and then sending it to the cylinder. This results in better combustion and improved mileage.
Hyundai will almost certainly not get this engine to India, as putting this in the i20 won’t give them excise benefits. This engine produces as much power as a 1.6-litre engine, which is approximately 120 BHP. Not only does it produce more power with less capacity, it also reduces fuel consumption drastically and offers less than 110 gms of CO2 per kilometer. Hyundai is indeed progressing big time with its engine technology and its hard to believe that only a few years ago, the company’s petrol engines were best avoided.
Above: Hyundai’s 2.4-litre GDI engine, used in the 2012 Sonata.